Before you learn about sessions in PHP, it is needed to understand what are HTTP Sessions.
HTTP Session is a mechanism that allows your software to store information (on the server side) about the user, simulating a state across page navigation. It’s different from cookies, which store the information on the user’s computer.
Remember, HTTP Protocol is stateless
Session management in PHP is relatively straightforward and is commonly used to track user information across multiple pages. Here’s an overview of the steps typically used:
- Start a Session: You initiate a session by calling the
- Storing Session Variables: After starting a session, you can store information within the
- Accessing Session Variables: You can access these variables on other pages by again starting the session
- Altering Session Variables: You can change the value of session variables by simply overwriting them.
- Destroying a Session: If you want to remove some session data, you can unset individual variables using
- Security Considerations: You should also consider using secure sessions, especially if handling sensitive information.
Read the posts in this serie to learn how to use sessions on PHP.